The south of Westphalia is appropriately located in the southern part of the museum site. The landscape is characterised by wooden highlands (eastern part of the Rhenish Massif) and is separated into the Western (Märkisches) and Eastern (Kurkölnisches) Sauerland. To the south of the Rothaar Mountains lie the Siegerland and the Wittgensteiner Land. The settlements in this area are typically single farms, hamlets (small group Settlements of five to six houses or farms) and small villages in the valleys. Whilst in the Sauerland, the niederdeutsches Hallenhaus (Low German hall house) with its outbildings is prevalent this is replaced by the mitteldeutsches Ernhaus (Middle German hall house) in the Siegerland and the Wittgensteiner Land. In the museum, the south of Westphalia is represented by the Sauerland Village and the Siegerland Hamlet building groups. Single farmsteads are planned for both the Wittgensteiner and the Western Sauerland.